World Health Organization infant and young child feeding indicators and their associations with child anthropometry: a synthesis of recent findings.

AD, Jones; SB, Ickes; LE, Smith; MN, Mbuya; B, Chasekwa; RA, Heidkamp; P, Menon; AA, Zongrone; RJ, Stoltzfus
As the World Health Organization (WHO) infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators are increasingly adopted, a comparison of country-specific analyses of the indicators' associations with child growth is needed to examine the consistency of these relationships across contexts and to assess the strengths and potential limitations of the indicators. This study aims to determine cross-country patterns of associations of each of these indicators with child stunting, wasting, height-for-age z-score (HAZ) and weight-for-height z-score (WHZ). Eight studies using recent Demographic and Health Surveys data from a total of nine countries in sub-Saharan Africa (nine), Asia (three) and the Caribbean (one) were identified. The WHO indicators showed mixed associations with child anthropometric indicators across countries. Breastfeeding indicators demonstrated negative associations with HAZ, while indicators of diet diversity and overall diet quality were positively associated with HAZ in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, India and Zambia (P 
Research areas:
Year:
2014
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
WHO feeding indicators; child growth; diet diversity; infant and yound child feeding; stunting; wasting
Journal:
Maternal & Child Nutrition.
Volume:
10
Number:
1
Pages:
1-17
Month:
January
DOI:
10.1111/mcn.12070
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The Zvitambo Institute for Maternal and Child Health Research is a multidisciplinary Zimbabwean organization that has developed and attracted expertise in various areas of biomedical and applied research and programming in the areas of maternal health, child health and growth, immunology, HIV/AIDS, nutrition, food security and livelihoods, WASH and counseling

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